What Happens to Your Eyes When You Grow Older and When to Seek the Help of an OphthalmologistJuly 12, 2018
Aging is a natural occurrence that affects all parts of the human body starting with the skin, muscles, joints, organs, and even the eyes. When a person is younger, the natural crystalline lenses within their eyes are flexible and clear and can freely focus from near to far. Some people wear glasses at a young age to see things clearly closer or from afar; however, the root cause is usually the shape of the eyes and not these lenses.
By the time a person reaches the age of 40, the natural crystalline lenses will start to get more ridged and cloudy meaning they can no longer focus in the same manner as they used to. This eye condition is what you call presbyopia. The speed that the eyes age depends from person to person. Nonetheless, as you grow older, your lenses become more clouded and less flexible. Usually, people at this age will be needing some help reading and will have more apparent near vision. For most older people, they also begin to develop cataracts.
So, when is the right time for you to seek the help of a professional ophthalmologist?
Though there are some people who wear eyeglasses at a young age and must see their ophthalmologist regularly, there are certain signs as you grow older that you can look out for in order for you to determine if you should seek an ophthalmologist for near vision and reading solutions. They are as follows:
• You have a hard time reading and doing other close tasks.
• You often find yourself moving things away from you just so you can see them in detail or read them.
• When doing close tasks or reading, you often get headaches.
• You have a hard time reading small prints in low light.
• As you do close tasks and reading, your eyes become achy.
If you experience any of the issues just stated, then most likely it is time that you seek an ophthalmologist to have your eyes examined. Seeing an ophthalmologist also helps you to better discuss what best near vision and reading solutions are out there for you.
Common near vision and reading solutions
There are a lot of near vision and reading solutions that you can try before and after seeing your ophthalmologist. Here are some of the most common options for you.
1. Off the shelf reading glasses: If you are still waiting to set an appointment with an ophthalmologist, you can use these glasses for the meantime. They are your cheapest option and one that you can easily by from pharmacies and most supermarkets. However, this option will never correct your vision problems. Though these glasses can serve as your quick fix solution, you should still seek a professional ophthalmologist to have a full eye exam done on you.
2. Prescription reading glasses: Basically, after seeing your ophthalmologist, these are the glasses that will be custom made to your specific near vision or reading prescription needs. Factors such as astigmatism, fit, and eye strength will all be considered when you buy these glasses.
3. Bifocal or trifocal glasses: This is the kind of glasses your ophthalmologist will recommend you if you need some assistance for distance, intermediate, and near vision. There are some people who despise having to use and bring more than one pair of glasses and so having the bifocal variant helps to correct both distance and near vision in one. On the other hand, trifocal glasses correct distance, intermediate, and near vision. Again, you can have both these glasses customized to your needs and preferences.